This multidisciplinary study documented livelihood opportunities and challenges and searched for answers to the complex issue of resource management in artisanal fishing on the Coromandel coast. Covering the districts of Villupuram, Cuddalore and Pondicherry, this project was based on extensive documentation of artisanal fishing settlements and fisheries. A total of 62 artisanal fishing settlements were surveyed as part of the project. Among the studies that were taken up were a census of family composition, primary and secondary occupations and craft ownership covering 62 villages. This was followed by surveys of fish landing and craft/gear composition in a selection of 22 villages falling in three clusters that corresponded to the different districts. An assessment of livelihood enhancement and diversification opportunities was made in the same 22 villages. Additionally, regular meetings were held with representatives of traditional fishing Panchayats in 62 settlements culminating in district level discussions between the representatives and officials from the district fisheries administration.