A workshop to introduce the concept of Payment for Ecosystem Services was held on February 5th 2010 at the Forest Department head quarters, Thiruvananthapuram. The workshop was presided by Shri K.P. Ouseph (CCF Kerala, Ecologically fragile land). In the opening talk he presented the “Status and challenges to wildlife conservation in Southern Western Ghats, India”. Dr. E. Somantathan (Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi) introduced the concepts of Payment for Ecosystem Services and the importance of good designs. Case studies of PES for wildlife conservation from Australia and Sweden were presented and its relevance to the Indian scenario was highlighted. Mr. Tian Feng’s (Conservation International, China) talk titled “Implementing Conservation Agreements” highlighted the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) model developed by Conservation International and presented a case study of its implementation in China for restoring a pandacorridor. Mr. Srinivas Vaidyanathan (FERAL) spoke about the “Opportunities to enhance andrestore connectivity in the Shencottah gap” the relevance of a PES approach and how it can be linked on going government schemes like CAMPA; and the corridor and buffer zone management under the NTCA.