Rubber is grown at an altitude of 500 meters above sea level, typically in laterite soils. Well-drained alluvial and red loam soils are also suitable for rubber cultivation. The soil for rubber cultivation should have a minimum depth of one metre without any intervening hardpan or impenetrable layer. The water table should also be well below one metre so that at least one metre of soil with good aeration, which is essential for root penetration, is available.
Several varieties exists, with some more suitable for certain areas than the others, differing in their yield, time taken to start tapping, the number of latex vessel rows which determines the yield levels, and their susceptibility to pests and diseases. Although rubber farmers are advised to plant from a total of 5 varieties, plantations of rubber are typically monocultures.